The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. Arguably the most publicized and most powerful UN body, it has been active since 1946 when members first convened in London, England. Its headquarters have since been moved to the United Nations headquarters in New York City.
The UNSC is unique in the UN as it is the only body with the power to make decisions that other members are obligated to follow. Under the UN Charter, all member states agree to accept and carry out decisions made by the UNSC. In situations where conflict cannot be ended by peaceful negotiations, the UNSC may choose a variety of courses of action, such as dispatching peacekeepers, enforcing economic sanctions, severing diplomatic relations, or even pursuing collective military action; however, while military action is possible, one of the UNSC’s chief concerns is to ensure minimal impact on the civilian population and economy. This, along with the prospect of veto power, makes the Security Council a true diplomatic, political and military challenge.
UNSC is an advanced committee, and position papers are mandatory for all delegates. Prior experience in MUN and debate is highly recommended; however, anyone with interest or strong delegating skills may participate if they wish to. All questions and concerns, as well as position papers for this committee can be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea
The South China Sea is one of the most disputed areas in the world today. More than a third of world trade goes through the area, and maintaining peace in the region is key to securing global peace. The SCS is classified by the UN to be a part of the "High Seas," thus the Common Heritage of Mankind. However, China wants unchallenged control, and have already started building islands along the Nine Dash Line, as well as in waters belonging to the Philippines. Despite multiple tribunals ruling that China has no legal basis to claim historical rights, China claims that because the area is ancestral land, they have full rights to it.
The Chinese Air Force recently landed many bombers on a heavily disputed “island” in the South China Sea. The military landings follow the placement of three anti-ship cruise missiles on three mini islands in the Spratly Islands by China earlier this year. These moves represent the provocative steps in the militarization of disputed islands in the region. The U.S. claims to be not involved, but its navy regularly carries out “freedom-of-navigation operations,” (FONOPS) by sending warships and aircraft near disputed waters to demonstrate the right to travel through what it considers international waters and airspace, which China sees as an act of aggression.
The origins of the territorial disputes are simple to explain. The sea's 11 billion barrels of untapped oil, as well as 5.4 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, have antagonized competing claimants Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam, and it is no surprise that the US also wants a share. Once China claims sovereignty over the area, it also gains the legal means to exploit the resources of the sea.
Angelina Qin | Director
A freshman attending Collingwood School, Angelina is honoured and delighted to serve as the Director of UNSC at the first official NorthMUN this year. Having enthusiasm for socio-political discussion, debate and public speaking, Angelina fit right into Model United Nations in her grade 7 year. Thanks to Model United Nations, she has not only been able to develop countless important skills such as public speaking, leadership and negotiation but has also met those that would later become her closest friends. In her spare time, Angelina can be found attending local and international debate tournaments, participating in Non-Profits and Business-Econ conferences, or just sitting on the beach writing bass lines for her band. If you catch her outside of the conference room, feel free to ask her any questions you may have about the conference. Angelina wishes that all delegates find MUN as beneficial as she has, and welcomes everyone to NorthMUN UNSC.
Alec Yang | Chair
Alec is currently a sophomore at Moscrop Secondary School, where he can typically be found cramming for his next test while also presiding over the debate club as co-president. Ever since attending his first conference in Grade 9, Alec has grown to make Model UN a passion for himself, appreciating the fast-paced discussion and opportunities to engage with international relations in addition to improving his public speaking skills. In addition to MUN, Alec also likes to spend his free time arguing with friends, playing Ultimate Frisbee, helping with community events, stress eating, or binge-watching Netflix shows. Alec is extremely excited for being able to serve as Chair of UNSC at NorthMUN and looks forward to meeting everyone.
Lulu Wang | Assistant Director
Lulu is a Grade 12 student currently studying in the International Baccalaureate program at Sir Winston Churchill Secondary, and is delighted to serve as the assistant director in UNSC! Ever since participating in her first conference in Grade 10, Lulu has been immersed in the fast-paced environment of MUN and has become fascinated with engaging in discussions about international relations and diplomacy. In her spare time, Lulu can be most commonly found stressing over her many deadlines, juggling her various club positions within the school, as well as procrastinating with her friends. Nonetheless, Lulu is looking forward to meet all the delegates and to make UNSC and NorthMUN an unforgettable experience!